There are women in world history who have created history that is still being discussed. One such is Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt. Queen Cleopatra of Egypt was famous for her looks and beauty. Cleopatra is considered to be the most beautiful and sensual queen, but Cleopatra’s personality was so multifaceted that it always brought her to the top of the discussion.

Cleopatra’s cunning, tact, and communication skills made it easy for her to establish herself as the only female ruler in the ancient world. According to historians, Cleopatra was a very beautiful, sensual, clever, cunning, scheming ruler. She had relationships with many men. She was eager to ensnare kings and military officers with her beauty.

Cleopatra became more famous because of her love affairs with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony.

Intelligent, capable, and attractive, Cleopatra was so beloved by the Egyptian people that her veneration continued centuries after her death. It is said that she used to come to special ceremonies dressed and decorated like the goddess Isis so that she could be considered a natural right ruler. People were mesmerized by his eloquence. Cleopatra was so cunning that she often made connections with traitorous men of other countries to learn their secrets and get important information from them.

Cleopatra controlled the entire eastern Mediterranean coast at the height of her power. The last great Egyptian ruler to date

Considered an empire.

Many famous artists of the world have painted Cleopatra’s drunkenness, carved her statue. Cleopatra is equally included in world literature (narrative/non-narrative). Even the world-famous playwrights such as Shakespeare, Dryden and Bernard Shaw seem to include various aspects of Cleopatra’s personality in their writings and screenplays.

Family and Marriage

Cleopatra’s father was King Ptolemy XII. who at the time of his birth was the pharaoh of Egypt (the title given to the ruler of ancient Egypt). His mother was Cleopatra V Tryphena. who is one of Ptolemy’s many wives. She was the eldest of her siblings and was groomed from an early age to assume the throne.

Cleopatra’s first marriage was to Ptolemy XIII. Cleopatra was 18 years old at the time and Ptolemy was only 10 years old. After Ptolemy’s death, Cleopatra married her second younger brother, Ptolemy XIV. Cleopatra was 22 years old at the time and Ptolemy XIV was 12 years old. Cleopatra’s third marriage was to Mark Antony in 32 BC. According to ancient Egyptian tradition, Cleopatra had to marry her own half-brothers to keep her bloodline pure.

The reins of government

When Cleopatra was 14 years old, she assumed power as regent (consultant queen) with her father, King Ptolemy VI. She was 18 when her father died. She then ascended the throne with her brother. She ran the kingdom as Ptolemy’s deputy. Shortly thereafter, she deposed Ptolemy and took over the rule of Egypt. After taking power, she raised Egypt to the heights in terms of art and business. Cleopatra ruled Egypt from 51 to 30 BC.

Cleopatra grew up in the midst of unparalleled luxury. He inherited a state in decline. For ten generations of his family, Ptolemy styled himself pharaoh. During Cleopatra’s childhood, Rome extended its rule to the borders of Egypt.


According to Arabic poetry and European legend written about Cleopatra, Cleopatra was a skilled mathematician, chemist with knowledge of medicine and poisons. Cleopatra also wrote poetry. Cleopatra had knowledge of different languages. According to one study, Cleopatra knew six to nine languages, including Hebrew. Because of her diverse linguistic knowledge, she connects with anyone quickly. She used to see other people’s secrets. He had many friends because of the language. He was also called a polygot because of his knowledge of multiple languages.

Donkey milk bath

Cleopatra is mentioned in history as a very beautiful young woman. Cleopatra bathed in donkey’s milk daily to maintain her beauty. Seven hundred donkeys’ milk was collected for Cleopatra’s daily bath.

Sayer in a silver boat

Cleopatra went to Tarsus in 41 BC at the invitation of Antony. Tarsus was then part of Turkey. She was dressed as Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love.

Cleopatra, the last ruler of the pharaoh dynasty, was the last pharaoh to rule Egypt. Research is ongoing as to whether she was African, Caucasian or Greek.

Caucasian or African

Cleopatra’s ancestors were actually Macedonian Greeks. which identifies Cleopatra as the Egyptian Elizabeth Taylor. However, whether Cleopatra was of Caucasian or African descent is still disputed. Historians are divided on the origin of Cleopatra. While most believe she was from Macedonia, a new discovery suggests that her roots were linked to Africa.

Recent research by researchers concluded that her siblings were half-African based on her sister’s remains taken out They claim that Cleopatra was of half-African origin, not Greek Caucasian. A BBC documentary about Cleopatra called ‘Portrait of a Killer’ analyzes the discovery of human remains in a tomb in Ephesus, Turkey. After an anthropological and architectural study of the tomb with forensic techniques, experts have concluded that the remains belong to Cleopatra’s sister, Princess Arsinoe, based on the ossuary found in the tomb. According to archaeologist Heike Theuer of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, who led the study team, the research suggests that Arsinoe’s mother was African. The study sheds new light on Cleopatra’s family, the relationship between Cleopatra and Arsinoe.

The Three Powers of Rome

Cleopatra was considered the most beautiful and richest woman in the world. She rivaled the three most powerful men of her time—Julius Caesar, Mark Antony, and Octavian. Julius Caesar helped her become Queen of Egypt.

Relationship with Julius Caesar

Cleopatra’s reign was under threat from all sides. He has to fend off rebellions from his own family to foreign invasions. In this situation, Cleopatra maintained a strong relationship with the powerful Roman rulers. She formed an army in 49 BC when she took refuge in Syria. After returning to Egypt, she planned to challenge her brother and co-ruler Pharaoh Ptolemy. And she met Julius Caesar the Great.

Later, Caesar not only supported Cleopatra, but the closeness of the two was also established. Cleopatra then came to Egypt and removed her brother from power, taking the throne of Egypt.

A little later, in 47 BC, Cleopatra and Caesar had a son, Caesarion. Caesarion was destined to succeed Cleopatra. Even after Caesar’s assassination in 44 BC, Cleopatra did not allow her siblings to pursue their dreams of power. Ptolemy XIV, Cleopatra’s younger brother, mysteriously disappeared. Arsinoe IV, Cleopatra’s sister, is said to have been murdered by Mark Antony’s men.

According to another historian, Julius Caesar came to Egypt in search of his enemy Pompey. There he saw Cleopatra and fell in love with her beauty, intoxicating eyes. After being seduced by Cleopatra’s beauty, Julius becomes an ally to fight on her behalf and make her Queen of Egypt.

Julius Caesar fought Ptolemy and Ptolemy was killed. And Cleopatra sat on the throne of Egypt. According to ancient Egyptian custom, she began to rule jointly with her younger brother, but soon poisoned her younger brother to death.

Relationship with Marc Anthony

Mark Antony, a general of Roman ruler Julius Caesar, was in love with Cleopatra. The two spent winters together in Alexandria. Cleopatra is said to have had three children with Anthony. Cleopatra also struck a joint coinage in Egypt with Antony.

After the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC, Cleopatra was with Antony when he opposed his successor, Gaius Octavian Caesar. Cleopatra and Antony then planned to take over the Roman Empire but were both defeated by Octavian’s army.

Caesar and Mark Antony were driven mad by Cleopatra’s beauty. According to the Greek writer Alberto Angela, Caesar loved Cleopatra’s voice the most. Mark Antony was impressed by Cleopatra’s intelligence.

Mysterious death

Historians do not agree on how Cleopatra died. According to historians, Cleopatra fled with her 60 ships during the Battle of Alexandria. Antony followed Cleopatra who fled. Then Anthony and Cleopatra met. Cleopatra is said to have later betrayed Antony on Octavian’s orders. On Octavian’s orders she prepared to kill Anthony. She took Anthony to the tomb she had built, asking him to die with her. Where Antony ended his life under the delusion that Cleopatra had committed suicide.

Other historians believe that his death was due to snakebite. They say that Cleopatra herself committed suicide by biting a snake on her chest. According to another historian’s claim, Octavian escaped from being caught in Cleopatra’s trap when Octavian wanted to regain the power of Egypt by trapping Octavian with her beauty, and then a man named Dank killed Cleopatra.

A German researcher says Cleopatra died of a drug overdose rather than a snakebite. According to a study by Trier University professor Christoph Sefer, Cleopatra died due to the consumption of a mixture of opium and hemlock. Cleopatra died in 30 BC. She was 39 years old at that time. After Cleopatra’s death, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire. It is said that Cleopatra’s son was taken to Rome for parade as a spoil of war.

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